5. PAPER V (Optional)

I. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS - LINGUISTICS

1. LANGUAGE
1. Language and its Characteristics
2. Human Language and Animal Communication
3. Language and Speech
4. Language Acquisition
5. Multilingualism
6. Language and Culture
7. Causes of Language Change
8. Descriptive and Prescriptive Approach to the Investigation of Language
2. LINGUISTICS
9. Linguistics and its Levels
10. Branches of Linguistics and Their Scope
11. Theories of Linguistics
12. Comparative Linguistics
13. Sociolinguistics and its Significance
14. Psycholinguistics
15. Growth and Development of Historical Linguistics
16. Contribution of Ferdinand de Saussure to the Study of Modern Linguistics
3. PHONETICS & MORPHOLOGY
17. Phonetics and its Main Branches
18. Places and Manners of Articulation
19. Consonants
20. Vowels
21. Plosives and Fricatives
22. Transcription with Examples
23. Morphemes
24. Inflectional and Derivational Morphology
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4. SYNTAX & GRAMMAR
25. I.C. Analysis and its Major Flaws
26. Phrase Structure Grammar
27. Generative Grammar
28. Systematic Grammar
29. Tree Diagram Giving P-Markers with Examples
30. Grammar and its Major Kinds
31. Structuralism
32.  Grammatical Units
5. SEMANTICS & STYLISTICS
33. Semantics and Some Types of Meaning
34. Lexical Semantics
35. Structural Semantics
36. Major Semantic Theories
37. Semantic Field Theory
38. Componential Analysis
39. Semantic Structure
40. Stylistics and its Significance

II. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS - ESSAY

1. LITERATURE IN GENERAL
1. Art for Art's Sake
2. Art and Morality
3. English Literature in the 18th Century
4. English Literature in the 19th Century
5. Trends in the 20th Century Literature
6. Classicism and Romanticism
7. Influence of Renaissance on English Literature
8. Teaching of English Literature in Pakistan
2. POETRY
9. Romanticism in English Poetry
10. Spenser as 'The Poets' Poet'
11. Milton's Grand Style
12. Milton as an Epic Poet
13. Wordsworth as a Poet of Nature
14. Keats' Famous Odes
15. Emily Dickinson as a Love Poetess
16. The Waste Land --- The Greatest Poem of the 20th Century
3. DRAMA
17. Greek Tragedy
18.  Drama During the Elizabethan Period
19. The Theatre of the Absurd
20. Modern Drama
21. Shakespearean Tragedy
22. Shakespeare's Major Comedies
23. O'Neil's Tragic Vision
24. A. Miller's Tragic Vision
4. NOVEL
25. Novel as an Art Form
26. 18th Century Novel
27.  Victorian Novel
28. The Stream of Consciousness Novel
29. Tragic Vision in Hardy's Novels
30. George Eliot as the First Modern Novelist
31. Psychological Realism in Dickens' Novels
32. Jane Austen's Limited Range
5. MISCELLANEOUS (Prose, Criticism, Short Stories, Linguistics)
33. Bacon as an Essayist
34. Russell as a Philosopher
35. Criticism and Creation
36. A Critic is a Parasite
37. Aristotle's Poetics
38. T.S. Eliot as a Critic
39. Short Story as a Literary Genre
40. English as an International Language

III. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS - SHORT STORIES

1. GENERAL QUESTIONS
1. The Essential Elements of a Short Story
2. Importance of Point of View in the Narrative Technique
3. Short Story As the Most Necessary and Natural Expression of the Age
2. THE PROPERTY OF WOMAN BY SARA SULERI
4. Elements of Retrospective Autobiography in "The Property of Woman"
5. Symbolic Significance of Lahore in "The Property of Woman"
3. THE MUMMY AWAKES BY NAGUIB MAHFUZ
6. Narrative Technique in "The Mummy Awakes"
7. "The Mummy Awakes" As a Political Satire
4. THE MAN OF THE CROWD BY EDGAR ALLEN POE
8. The Importance of the Narrator as a Part of the Story in "The Man of the Crowd"
9. Use of All the Features of a Short Story in "The Man of the Crowd"
5. AFRICAN SHORT STORY BY DORIS LESSING
10. The Setting and its Significance in "African Short Story"
11. Use of Language to Voice Thematic Concern in "A Sunrise on the Veld"
6. EVERYTHING THAT RISES MUST CONVERGE
12. Critical Appreciation of "Everything That Rises Must Converge"
7. THE DEAD BY JAMES JOYCE
13. "The Dead" As a Modern Short Story
14. Characterization in "The Dead"
8. ULTIMATE SAFARI BY NADINE GORDIMER
15. "Ultimate Safari" As a Political Satire
9. ONCE UPON A TIME BY NADINE GORMINER
16. Features of South Africa in "Once Upon a Time"
17. "Once Upon a Time" As a Modern Fairy Tale
10. THE JUDGEMENT BY KAFKA
18. Characterization in "The Judgment"
19. Relationship Between Father and Son in "The Judgment"
11. CIVIL PEACE BY CHINUA ACHEBE
20. Symbolic Significance of the Title of "Civil Peace"
21. The Theme of Conflict and Violence in "Civil Peace"
12. WHAT THE TAPSTER SAW BY OKRI
22. Symbolism in "What the Tapsters Saw"
13. MY SON THE FANATIC BY HANIF QURESHI
23. Theme of Identify in "My Son the Fanatic"
14. THE MAN WHO LOVED ISLANDS BY D.H. LAWRENCE
24. Characterization in "The Man Who Loved Islands"
25. "The Man Who Loved Islands" As a Satire
15. A DAY BY W. TREVOR
26. Justification of the title "A Day"
27. Critical Appreciation of "A Day"
16. STRONG HORSE TEA BY ALICE WALKER
28. The Importance of the Setting in "Strong Horse Tea"
29. Artistic Features of "Strong Horse Tea"
17. THE VOICE BY V.S PRATCHETT
30. Critical Commentary of "The Voice"
18. THE WOMAN WHO LOVE IMAGINATION BY H.E. BATES
31. Critical Appreciation of "The Woman Who had Imagination"
19. THE VOICE FROM THE WALL BY AMY TAN
32. Thematic Concern in "The Voice From the Wall"
33. "The Voice From the Wall" As a Modern Short Story
20. THE MAN WHO LIVED IN A SHELL BY ANTON CHEKHOV
34. Symbolic Significance of the Title of "The Man Who Lived in a Shell"
35. Major Themes in "The Man Who Lived in a Shell"
21. DREAM HAITI BY BRAITHWAITE 
36. Use of Language to Voice Thematic Concerns in "Dream Haiti"
22. THE NIGHT WATCHMAN'S OCCURRENCE BOOK BY NAIPAUL
37. The Use of Diary and Reporting Technique in "The Night Watchman's Occurrence Book"
38. Naipaul's Craftsmanship As a Short Story Writer in "The Night Watchman's Occurrence Book"
23. A CLEAN WELL LIGHTED PLACE BY EARNEST HEMINGWAY
39. Narrative Technique in "A Clean Well Lighted Place"
40. "A Clean Well Lighted Place" As a Classic Short Story

IV. IMPORTANT QUESTIONS - LITERATURE IN ENGLISH AROUND THE WORLD

1. THE HOUSE OF BERNARDA ALBA BY LORCA
1. Lorca's Art of Characterization in 'The House of Bernarda Alba'
2. Female Characters in 'The House of Bernarda Alba'
3. The Most Powerful Character in 'The House of Bernarda'
4. Major Thematic Concerns in 'The House of Bernarda Alba'
5. Laughter and Tears are Two Poles of Lorca's Theatre
2. TRANSLATIONS BY BRAIN FRIEL
6. Brain Friel's Art of Characterization in 'Translations'
7. Significance of the Title of the play 'Translations'
8. The Importance of Relationship Between Manus and Yolland
9. Major Thematic Concerns in 'Translations'
10. 'Translations' As a Play About Political Power
3. THE RIVER BETWEEN BY NGUGI
11. Ngugi's Art of Characterization in 'The River Between"
12. Character Sketch of Waiyaki in "The River Between"
13. Major Thematic Concerns in "The River Between"
14. Symbolic Significance of "The Snake River" in "The River Between"
15. Implications of the Title of "The River Between"
4. ONE DAY IN THE LIFE OF IVAN DENISOVICH BY SOLZHENITSYN
16. Solzhenistsyn's Art of Characterization in "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"
17. Major Thematic Concerns in "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"
18. Implications of the Title of "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"
19. Narrative Technique and Style in "One Day in the Life of Denisovich"
20. Social Realism in "One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich"
5. TAUFIQ FAFAT
21. Critical Appreciation of "The Stone Chat"
22. Critical Appreciation of "The Last Visit"
6. DAUD KAMAL
23. Critical Appreciation of "The Street of Nightingale"
24. Critical Appreciation of "A Remote Beginning"
7. MAKI QURESHI
25. Critical Appreciation of "Kite"
26. Critical Appreciation of "A Christmas Letter to My Sister"
8. ALAMGIR HASHIMI
27. Critical Appreciation of "Autumnal"
28. Critical Appreciation of "But Where is the Sky"?
9. ZULFIQAR GHOSE
29. Critical Appreciation of "Across India: February 1952"
30. Critical Appreciation of "The Mystique of Root"
31. Critical Appreciation of "A Memory of Asia"
10. SHIRLEY LIM
32. Critical Appreciation of "Monsoon History"
11. VIKRAM SETH
33. Critical Appreciation of "Humble Administrators Garden"
12. ANNA AKHMATOVA
34. Critical Appreciation of "Prologue" and "Epilogue"
13. DEREK WALCOTT
35. Critical Appreciation of "A Far Cry from Africa"
14. BEN OKRI
36. Critical Appreciation of "An African Elegy"
15. CHINUA ACHEBE
37. Critical Appreciation of "Mango Seed"
16. NASIM EZEKIEL
38. Critical Appreciation of "Night of the Scorpion"
39. Critical Appreciation of "Goodbye Party for Miss Pushpa"
17. MONIZA ALVI
40. Critical Appreciation of "The Country at My Shoulder"

1 comment:

  1. Respected sir. I need notes for optional subject linguistics.

    ReplyDelete